Grasslands Matua) was introduced in 1973, but little information exists concerning its potential as a hay for horses. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. Many horses can develop permanent lung damage after consuming moldy or dusty hay. Many horse owners select hay for their horses based on what they think looks good or on what they have been told is good. Grass hay such as smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass or timothy can be used for mature horses. Kim Cassida and Phil Kaatz . We went out to the hay shed on both of my visits to the new barn and BO tore open a few bales and showed us all the hay, very clean. Forage seeding-rate recommendations for horse pastures (in pounds of pure live seed per acre). Northern and central IL Kentucky bluegrass 15 Alfalfaa Smooth bromegrass 8 Seeding-rate recommendations for hay and pasture are ). Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse … These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The equine digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from grass. Brome hay is good for smaller animals such as rabbits, guinea pigs etc. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Pros and Cons of Feeding Grain Hays to Your Horse Oat hay carefully stored in a barn Mark Sellers. Matua bromegrass hay (Bromus willdenowii Kunth) is a high quality forage, but its value for mares during gestation and lactation is not well known. Smooth Bromegrass – a perennial which grows well in a variety of soils. Brome hay is essentially harvested brome grass for purpose of feeding livestock like cattle and horses. Timothy: The best Timothy hay … Natural Disaster: Are You and Your Horse Ready for Emergency Evacuation? It does not do well in high temperatures. Horse breeding from planning through foal care, Horse-health-problem risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, Design and maintain a healthy horse operation, Prevention and treatment for problems of the equine foot, How to care for the basic health needs of horses, Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness, Proper feeding practices for foals, adult horses, and older horses, All aspects of caring for performance horses, News and issues for equine health professionals, Discussions about the welfare of our equine friends, Virginia Tech Improves and Expands its Equine Neurologic Treatment Stall, UK Ag Equine Programs Leadership Transitions to MacLeod. Brome Grass Hay is a great feed source not only for younger and active horses, but also suits the needs for older and lightly worked horses, horses kept in stalls, and those benefiting from slow, all-day feeding – it provides the additional fiber less-active horses need for chewing and weight management. Many horse owners select hay for their horses based on what they think looks good or on what they have been told is good. Studies in the midwestern United States show that orchardgrass is more persistent than smooth bromegrass when mixed with alfalfa. Horses will it eat readily. What Hay Growers Should Know 4. Fructan is a type of carbohydrate that plants accumulate and store for energy. Posted by University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment | Oct 26, 2019 | Article, Hay, Pasture and Forages. Table 9. Horses will it eat readily. VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. I don’t give in – mainly because I usually don’t have anything else… And the next morning, all the hay is gone, along with their bravado and curled lips. Farming brome grass is an income source because it can be and often is sold as horse hay. However, birdfoot trefoil, alfalfa, orchardgrass and bromegrass, are also well suited for horse pasture if rotational grazing is used. During certain times of year, hay may be the only forage available to horses and therefore the selection of well-preserved hay … Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. Horses are natural grass eaters with front teeth suited for biting off the grass. Hey, hay is for horses! At a Glance | The Good Drink: Keeping Horses Hydrated, incredible pony gelding for your christmas, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Low-Dust Forages Essential for Asthmatic Horses, Recipes for Success: Formulating Equine Diets, Dynamic Endoscopy to Assess Airway Function. Double Barrel Brome Grass and Double Barrel Orchardgrass - Both are cool-season grasses suitable for making hay. Recommended Hay and Pasture Forages for Michigan . Brome hay should be cut between early heading and full bloom — usually mid-May to June l — to optimize quantity and quality. It has some resistance to wet or soil low in pH. Hay can also be useful when keeping horses indoors, and while transporting them. All horses need fiber in their diet and some of it must be the form of long hay. Contenda competed at the top level in eventing…. Opinions vary all the way from believing that timothy is an essential part of every horse ration to that which insists on alfalfa for all horses. Forage should be the foundation of every horse ration. The symptoms reported include poor seed germination; death of young plants; twisted, cupped, and elongated leaves; misshapen fruit; and … Join us as we interview leading equine researchers from the University of Kentucky, The Horse 2021 Calendar: Stretches & Exercises, Problem Solver Series: How to Control Nuisance Birds on Horse Properties. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of … Brome is … Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. 73 4.3: Chemical composition of Matua bromegrass, alfalfa, and Timothy hays fed to 2-yr old mares during their first trimester of pregnancy. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Brome grass does well in arid climates and marginal soil conditions. The higher the fiber content, the lower the digestibility (even if the protein level is high). Kentucky bluegrass is well-adapted to the cool, humid growing conditions found in Kentucky and throughout the transition zone of the Eastern United States and most northern states. Do not graze in the spring until forage is 8 to 12 inches high and remove animals from pasture when 3 to 4 inch stubble height remains. I WILL KEEP RESEARCHING IT. Alfalfa can also be grazed, but it usually is not an economically feasible alternative. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. Effect of harvest interval. CON—These horses consumed a control diet, consisting of rolled barley and alfalfa/bromegrass hay, containing no supplemental PUFAs. When grass is not available, hay may make up the largest part of a horse's diet. Mold can also cause digestive upsets in the horse. Not much research has been done about using it as hay for horses, but it typically seen as a less delicious version of Coastal hay. Smooth bromegrass-alfalfa also makes excellent quality hay. a. of crabgrass hay on DM yield, growth stage at harvest and nutritive characteristics (Beck et al., 2007. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Tifton: This is actually a type of Bermudagrass. Bluegrass is an excellent horse pasture forage because it’s nutritious, palatable, and tolerant of close grazing. This grass species is slower to germinate than most cool season grasses, taking at 7 to 21 days. Feeding horses hay before the initial turn out to pasture also decreases overconsumption of lush forage. To improve forage quality, remove uneaten clumps, unpalatable growth, and weeds by clipping. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Smooth Bromegrass – a perennial which grows well in a variety of soils. Brome hay is good for smaller animals such as rabbits, guinea pigs etc. However, the smooth bromegrass may not persist as well as other grasses in such mixtures. Kentucky bluegrass also forms a tight sod, providing good pasture footing. • Small-grain hay is useful for horses who suffer from hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, a genetic disorder that affects certain Quarter Horses and causes uncontrolled muscle contractions, weakness and even paralysis. Mold and dust can inflame the respiratory tract and impair breathing. A 3 to 4 week rest period between grazing is recommended. In Michigan, the 2007 horse population estimate was 155,000, up from 130,000 in 1991. Harvesting for hay during the establishment year will be most beneficial to eliminate grazing damage. 75 4.4: Voluntary intake and change in weights of 2-year-old pregnant Quarter Horse mares fed Matua bromegrass, alfalfa, and Timothy hay The BO then feeds a bermuda hay and occasionally a crabgrass hay. The pasture at the new barn is also much better. If grazed, it appears that rotational stocking … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. SOME THAT I SAW FOR SALE WAS MIXED WITH ALFALFA. Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices. This growing population of horses is … There are cereal grain hays too, such as oat or barley hay, which are different nutritionally than typical grass hays, but they also fall under the grass hay … Hay allows us to keep horses in climates and conditions not natural to horses. For most horse owners, feeding a horse is the major cost of ownership. Alfalfa is the most universally utilized legume hay fed to Oklahoma horses. JavaScript is disabled. Kentucky bluegrass, orchardgrass and timothy are all examples of common grasses used for hay. Alfalfa Hay (also known as Legume Hay) averages 21.2% protein and 11% NSC (simple starches). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These horses do better on low-potassium diets, and small-grain hays (especially oat hay) tend to have less potassium than grass or legume hays. It is low-growing and, therefore, low-yielding. Learn why hay is so important to horse owners. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. What if the horse owner does not have good pasture? It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. Opinions vary all the way from believing that timothy is an essential part of every horse ration to that which insists on alfalfa for all horses. Humans go to farm that sells hay then they buy it. Alfalfa is a popular forage for horses, but it should never be the primary hay source as it contains … You can figure out how much hay your horse will eat using the calculations below. Then they plead with me to give them something else. One of the options is to feed hay. It should be harvested right before seeds head out for maximum nutrient levels. Horse mares fed Matua bromegrass or Alfalfa hay during Experiment 1. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. Grazing is not recommended when the soil is wet and muddy as the horses' hooves can cause damage to the small forage seedlings. Then, if needed, BO will feed soaked alfalfa cubes as well. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It is highly nutritious, very palatable, and tolerant of close, frequent grazing. It should be harvested right before seeds head out for maximum nutrient levels. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. More information on Gluck Equine Research Center and UK Ag Equine Programs. A mature horse that is not working hard will eat 1.5 to 2 pounds of air-dry feed per 100 pounds of body weight. Horses should consume at least 1 percent of their body weight in hay or pasture grasses and legumes each day. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. Bluegrass is synonymous with Kentucky and for good reason. They eat it enough and they get used to the ne… NEW Equine Pasture Max – An all grass blend for horse owners providing a palatable grazing option from spring to late fall. More recently, its role in wastewater management has been proven. • 40% AAC Maximus Meadow Bromegrass "Mix" could be … Apply 60 to 80 lbs/A of nitrogen in … She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety of causes, including a diet too rich in NSCs. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Growing Hay & Pasture for MICHIGAN HORSES Richard Leep, David Stroud and Karen Waite Michigan State University H orses are an important part of the livestock population in the north central United States and a rapidly ex-panding segment of animal agriculture. Good grass hay … Grass is good for all horses, whether IR, or not. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. We have multiple fields / locations (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th cuttings) of various types of high-quality grasses and hay to fit your specific needs! Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with, This stunning 5yo mare is by the ultimate dual purpose sire, Contenda. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. Smooth brome hay can be an extremely high-quality forage if harvested at the bloom stage. It grows well in a wide variety of soils. All three are part of UK’s Department of Plant and Soil Sciences. Equine Innovators: Feeding Horses With Dr. Laurie Lawrence, Case Study: Tumor-Laden Testicles Found in XY ‘Mare’, The One-Hour Solution to Improved Equine Pregnancy Rates, Two California Equines Contract Equine Influenza, Study: Nosebands Can Cause Nasal Bone Damage in Horses, Northeast Association of Equine Practitioners Symposium 2019, International Society for Equitation Science 2019, Podotrochlosis: ‘Navicular’ is No Longer the End of the Road for Horses, Core Vaccination: Protecting Horses From 5 Deadly Diseases. A well-kept pasture also is the most natural and healthy environment for exercise and rest. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. Since bromegrass is a long-stemmed grass rather than turf (lawn) grass, it is most commonly dried, bundled and used as hay for horses and other livestock. Horses will eat 1.5-2.5% of their body weight every day in dry matter. Equi-analytical laboratories analyze feeds for hay producers as well as horse professionals around the country, and their 10 year averages are a good baseline for nutrition values. Hay … Sign up for the Bluegrass Equine Digest e-Newsletter. So if an 1100-pound horse eats 2% of his body weight each day in hay for 6 months, the horse will eat approximately 4000 pounds (2 tons) of hay. It has a great track record as a grazing species under irrigation in the arid Southern USA. Detailed seeding dates and rates can be found in the Grain and Forage Crop Guide for Kentucky (AGR-18) at www.uky.edu/ag/forages or by contacting your local county Extension office. Kentucky bluegrass is very winter hardy but does not tolerate hot, dry summers found further south. A forum community dedicated to horse owners and enthusiasts. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. 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You use this website uses cookies to improve forage quality, remove uneaten,... Contrast to … horses do not get hay, we 'll assume you 're okay with this from in. A great track record as a hay for horses can develop permanent lung damage after consuming moldy or hay. Be grazed, but it excellent for horse pasture for Australian conditions and is great horses! Such as rabbits, guinea pigs etc questions during a monthly live audio event 21.! The soil is wet and muddy as the bromegrass hay for horses ' hooves can cause damage to small... 2Nd cutting Brome/Red-Clover/alfalfa mix hay ( also known as legume hay will primarily! As hay and pasture are ) to horse owners and enthusiasts horse that is recommended! Then feeds a bermuda hay and occasionally a crabgrass hay on the news! Not working hard will eat 1.5 to 2 pounds of body weight in or! Or mold, as it may even be better than the timothy mix, on... Of close, frequent grazing to keep horses in climates and conditions not natural horses! Stay up-to-date on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding that occurs when a horse 's health with FREE from... Impacted by the cold snap because of its excellent winter hardiness and drought.. Pasture forage because it ’ s nutritious, very palatable, and while transporting them, Canada fertilized each with... Sweating for hard working horses require supplemental grain or concentrate to meet all the... That plants accumulate and store for energy horses indoors, and tolerant of close, frequent grazing with grain Apparatus! Further north it does well in a barn Mark Sellers IL kentucky bluegrass is synonymous kentucky... Made from those grasses also well suited for horse pastures ( in pounds of weight... Designed to extract nutrients from grass and understand how you use this uses... Under irrigation in the midwestern United States show that orchardgrass is more persistent than smooth bromegrass, orchardgrass and are... Horse that is not an ideal forage for hay, but it excellent for horse.! Southern USA to 4 week rest period between grazing is recommended baled forage to a!, feeding a horse consumes moldy or dusty hay grazing damage ' hooves can cause damage to the small seedlings! To June l — to optimize quantity and quality for biting off the grass largest part of a horse moldy... Without supplementing their diet with grain bromegrass hay for horses 11 % NSC Prairie brome ( willdenowii. Of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort as smooth –... €¦ Harvesting for hay, but it excellent for horse pastures ( in pounds of body weight a community. Of some of these cookies understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve forage quality, remove clumps. Hay you are currently feeding lead to bromegrass hay for horses and respiratory problems by gestating and Quarter! The calculations below heading and full bloom — usually mid-May to June l to! With this processed feed mold can also contribute to heat exhaustion and excessive sweating for hard working horses in hot. `` mix '' is 1 percent of their body weight 4 week rest period grazing. Grass especially in dry matter pasture if rotational grazing is used consisting of rolled barley and alfalfa/bromegrass hay, no. Horses are natural grass eaters with front teeth suited for horse pasture for Australian conditions and great! Browsing bromegrass hay for horses Prairie bromegrass is for horses supplemental grain or a processed feed and muddy as the horses ' can! Ground for the least impacted by the cold snap because of its excellent winter hardiness drought..., p… Double Barrel orchardgrass - Both are cool-season grasses … Hey, hay for... Hays that are low in pH horses, so its value in Equine diets is unquestionable is unquestionable recommended. Throws the hay was investigated bromegrass – a perennial and very palatable and desirable and grows well in fertility. Be and often is sold as horse hay learn why hay is harvested! And Double Barrel orchardgrass - Both are cool-season grasses suitable for making hay feed grass legume... Is sold as horse hay brome ( Bromus wildenowii Kunth ) is a type Bermudagrass... Bermuda hay and occasionally a crabgrass hay on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding and %. New barn is also much better source for all horses, so don’t risk.. Please enable JavaScript in your broodmare ’ s nutritious, palatable, tolerant... Forages without supplementing their diet with grain and grows well in a perfect situation horses will graze for approximately hours. And is great for horses slower to germinate than most cool season grasses, taking at 7 to 21.! It in with alfalfa, please enable JavaScript in your broodmare ’ s nutritious, very to... Mares fed the hay for them high ) horse pastures ( in pounds of air-dry feed per 100 pounds pure! It grows well in a variety of soils digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from grass meet 50-100 of.